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Stars

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Stars

Let's update both the SingleRestaurantFromList.tsx and Restaurants.tsx to show the correct average review stars for a restaurant.

Restaurant.tsx

Before the return that renders the component, we will compute the average ranking of stars. We begin by using reduce to total up the number of stars. Then we divide by the number of reviews before creating a variable that is the number of stars but with only one decimal place.

const totalStars = restaurant.reviews.reduce(
(starRatingSum, review) => starRatingSum + review.stars,
0
)
const averageStars = totalStars / restaurant.reviews.length
const averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace = Number(averageStars.toFixed(1))

Then we update the display of stars:

<span
className="stars"
style={{ '--rating': averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace }}
aria-label={`Star rating of this location is ${averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace} out of 5.`}
></span>

However, if we visit a restaurant without any reviews, we will notice that we don't see any stars! We don't see this because restaurant.reviews.length is 0 and thus averageStars becomes NaN

We can solve this one of two ways.

The first is to realize that NaN is a false-like value and thus we can rewrite the line as:

const averageStars = totalStars / restaurant.reviews.length || 0

The second way is to use a ternary operator:

const averageStars =
restaurant.reviews.length === 0 ? 0 : totalStars / restaurant.reviews.length

In this style, we compare the length of the review array, and if it is zero, we set the averageStars to 0, otherwise setting it equal to the average.

We can do this same change in Restaurants.tsx

const totalStars = restaurant.reviews.reduce(
(starRatingSum, review) => starRatingSum + review.stars,
0
)
const averageStars =
restaurant.reviews.length === 0 ? 0 : totalStars / restaurant.reviews.length
const averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace = Number(averageStars.toFixed(1))

Extracting a component for reuse

We can now consider extracting a component for the stars!

The first thing we'll do is create the component in the Restaurants.tsx code.

import React from 'react'
import { CSSStarsProperties, RestaurantType } from '../types'
export function Stars({ restaurant }: { restaurant: RestaurantType }) {
const totalStars = restaurant.reviews.reduce(
(starRatingSum, review) => starRatingSum + review.stars,
0
)
const averageStars =
restaurant.reviews.length === 0 ? 0 : totalStars / restaurant.reviews.length
const averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace = Number(averageStars.toFixed(1))
return (
<span
className="stars"
style={
{ '--rating': averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace } as CSSStarsProperties
}
aria-label={`Star rating of this location is ${averageStarsToOneDecimalPlace} out of 5.`}
></span>
)
}

Then we can use this in place of the <span> for stars and get rid of the computation of the variables.

<p>
<Stars restaurant={restaurant} />({restaurant.reviews.length})
</p>

Now we can do a similar refactoring in the Restaurant.tsx file. First, remove the computation variables and then replace the <span> used for showing the stars, importing the stars component.

<Stars restaurant={restaurant} />

And now we have a reusable component showing the correct number of stars for any restaurant.

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